20 New Uses for Shampoo

I’ve been thinking about extra shampoo ever since I sent a box of random bars of hotel soap and shampoo bottles to Clean the World-a smart and admirable non-profit that sends unused soap and shampoo to people at risk of acute infection and disease due to lack of soap. What I came to realize is that most of have old shampoo around for any number of reasons. Perhaps you collect hotel shampoo, or bought some whose fragrance is stronger than tear gas, or changed to an all-natural brand before finishing the paraben-y bottle. Either way, if you have extra shampoo around, don’t wash it down the drain in vain, put it to use. Here are twenty uses to use it up.
– Donate your old shampoo to Clean the World to help fight acute acute respiratory infection and diarrheal disease due to lack of hygiene supplies.
And now, I’ll get down off my soapbox¡­.
– For a stuck zipper, put a drop of shampoo on a Q-tip and dab it onto the zipper. The shampoo will help the zipper to slide easily.
– Buff your shoes. In a pinch, you can revitalize leather shoes and purses by using a small amount of shampoo on a clean cloth. Rub into worn areas as you would shoe polish, and give it a buff. This also offers some protection from salt stains.
– Skip specialty (read: expensive) soaps for hand-washing laundry, use just a drop or two of shampoo instead.
– Shampoo works well on laundry stains-treat the stain with a few drops of shampoo, rub them in, let soak, and then launder as usual.
– Worse than a wound is often the removal of a bandage. Let a few drops of shampoo soak through the adhesive part and the bandage should peel off without pain and sticking.
– In a pinch, shampoo can be used as a substitute for bubble bath.
– Shampoo (conditioner, too) works as a great substitute shaving cream. Lather up, shave away. Shampoo is much more nourishing/less drying than soap, which is what many women use on their legs.
– Harsh soap can dry out hands, but sometimes you need something strong for extra grime-next time, try using shampoo as a hand cleanser. It tackles messes with out drying out your skin. You can also just put it in your liquid soap dispenser for everyday use.
– Shampoo works well to remove body oil and gunk from combs and hairbrushes; comb out any loose hair and swish the comb/brush in some warm water and shampoo. Let it soak for a few minutes, then rinse well.
– You can clean houseplant leaves using a few drops of shampoo in a bowl of water; dip a towel in the solution, wring it out, and wipe away dust.
– For a quick touch up cleanse of tub, shower or sink

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, use some shampoo as a liquid cleaner. It rinses clean and makes chrome shine as well.
– To clean paint brushes use a few drops of shampoo and massage it through the bristles, then rinse well. (Never use extra hot water when washing paint brushes, it loosens the glue resulting in bristle loss!)
– Try shampoo on rug and carpet spills, dab a few drops on with some water and blot with a towel. Repeat until spill is gone.
– A few drops of shampoo rubbed onto the inside surface of a swimming mask (then rinsed) will prevent the mask from fogging up.
– Diluted shampoo can take the place of bubble soap for bubble-blowing wands. Yay.
– Car car-washing suds, add 1/4 cup shampoo to a pail of warm water and lather up the car as usual.
– Shampoo mixed with baking soda into a paste can be used to clean chrome on vehicles; rinse thoroughly and buff to shine.
– Loosen stuck nuts and bolts with a drop of shampoo. Let it seep into the threads and the bolt should loosen easily.
– Use shampoo to lubricate squeaky hinges.
At Care2, we believe that individual actions can collectively make a difference. Whether you start making differences in your home, your community, or across the globe, we are glad to help you on your journey. Join us today! With more than 11 million members, Care2 is the largest online community of people making a difference in healthy and green living, human rights and animal welfare. Join us today!

How to Get Rid of Stinky Fungal Feet

Fungus on the feet, including athlete¡¯s foot and nail fungus, can cause the feet to stink. Red or raw areas on the feet, thickened or distorted nails, and/or pain and itching are symptoms of foot fungus. Getting rid of the fungus on the feet is necessary to help control the stinky smell.
Keep your feet clean and dry. The Mayo Clinic recommends wearing synthetic socks as these wick away moisture better than cotton socks and other natural fibers.
Apply an antifungal product to your feet and shoes. These are available over the counter in spray and powder forms. If, however, the fungal infection on your feet is severe, you may need prescription products.
Wear shoes that fit properly. Tight fitting shoes don¡¯t allow your feet to get any air. This makes it difficult to get rid of foot fungus.
Rotate your shoes out so you avoid wearing the same shoes two days in a row. This gives your shoes a chance to dry thoroughly. Damp shoes are a breeding ground for fungus and subsequent stinky smells

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Disinfect your shoes to help minimize the odor and risk of bacteria. Spray a disinfectant into the inside of your shoes. Set the shoes in the sun and allow them to dry.
Protect your feet in public places. Wear slippers, flip flops or shower shoes if you are at a public pool or gym or in any other public location that doesn¡¯t work well with traditional shoes. Public areas are a breeding ground for foot fungus, so direct contact with the surfaces should be avoided.
Walk around barefoot at home if possible. This allows your feet a chance to air out. If it isn¡¯t possible for you to walk everywhere at home barefoot, go barefoot at bedtime.

New Balance 680 Running Shoe Review

The New Balance 680 running shoe is available in both men’s and women’s styles. The shoe combines technical details such as flexible cushioning with cosmetic features

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, making the shoe functional and attractive.
The New Balance 680 running shoe provides a comfortable upper shoe combined with patented materials for heel, forefoot, mid-foot and mid-sole for extra cushioning, durability and support.
Patented ABZORB? in the heel and forefoot offer extra cushioning, making for greater shock absorption. Synthetic leather and mesh make up the upper shoe while the N-Durance? rubber sole is designed for endurance.
The men’s 680 running shoe weighs 13.1, ounces and the women’s style weighs 10

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.2 ounces. Men’s shoe colors are red, white and gray, and the women’s come in either a blue, silver and white combination or a gray and purple style. Reflective details add to the cosmetic appeal of this shoe. The heel and forefoot width, instep height and toe box depth of all 680 models are standard, per New Balance’s official website.
New Balance 680 running shoes are selling at online auction sites such as eBay and at online retailers such as Overstock. As of September 2010, a women’s pair cost about $41.99.

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DGL Licorice and Acid Reflux

If you suffer from chronic acid reflux and are concerned about side effects from long-term use of acid-blocking drugs, you may be seeking natural remedies. DGL licorice is one herbal solution recommended by many practitioners of alternative medicine. The DGL stands for deglycyrrhizinated licorice, which is a version that is processed for safer consumption. Unfortunately, lack of standardization makes scientific research on herbal remedies extremely difficult to interpret, and there is little research pertaining specifically to DGL licorice and acid reflux. However, reviewing available information about DGL licorice may help you make more informed decisions in managing your symptoms.
Licorice must be approached cautiously because it contains the active metabolite glycyrrhiza. In large quantities glycyrrhiza can cause a syndrome called hyperaldosteronism, which affects the adrenal glands and can cause numbness, high blood pressure and muscle weakness. This substance has been extracted from DGL

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. Licorice is a food supplement approved by the Food and Drug Administration that is used in many products, though regulations to prevent toxicity are vague. It is sold commercially in the form of chewable tablets, extracts and tinctures, and teas. Note that teas and other licorice products labeled ¡°organic¡± may not be deglycyrrhizinated.
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) has been valued for its culinary and medicinal properties since ancient times and has been used to treat a variety of maladies in both the East and West, from colds to liver disease. Its ancient reputation as a folk remedy for gastric problems does have a scientific basis. This is especially true for functional dyspepsia, a condition that frequently overlaps with acid reflux

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. Like acid reflux, it presents symptoms of pain in the upper abdomen, discomfort, burning and belching. Iberogast, or STW 5, and GutGard, two products whose primary ingredient is an extract of DGL licorice, have been shown to relieve symptoms of both dyspepsia and acid reflux; however, these products have many other ingredients.
Inflammation of tissue in the throat and esophagus burned by acidic stomach contents is part of what makes chronic acid reflux painful. Licorice has also been shown to reduce stomach acid and is known for its antiinflammatory effect of stimulating the production of cortisol, the body¡¯s own natural antiinflammatory steroid, which theoretically could help heal esophageal inflammation caused by acid reflux. In an animal study, licorice was shown to be as effective as famotidine (Pepcid) in protecting against ulcers and as effective as certain nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in reducing inflammation. However, because glycyrrhiza is believed to be the ingredient in licorice that that stimulates cortisol, DGL licorice may not have the same antiinflammatory properties.
There is increasing scientific interest in herbal medicine; however, the lack of standardization of herbal ingredients limits the conclusions that can be drawn about particular preparations. Many herbs have always been valued for their medicinal properties. On the other hand, many herbs are unknown quantities to modern science, having potential for drug interactions and other untoward effects. Chronic and severe acid reflux can have serious complications. If you are experiencing symptoms such as hoarseness, chest pain or chronic cough, consult a healthcare professional to determine the best course of action.

2007 BRICK Award Winner: Ruth DeGolia

Ruth DeGolia never expected to be a businesswoman. She was a political activist, working with economically disadvantaged women’s cooperatives in Guatemala. But Ruth became a businesswoman when she and her partner launched Mercado Global, an organization dedicated to connecting indigenous artisans in those communities to the markets in the United States.
Working with six different women’s cooperatives, they started small, holding Fair Trade craft sales of the merchandise on their college campus at Yale University. The initial sales brought in over $5,000, which provided fair wage employment for a month for 30 cooperative members with enough left over to send 10 of their daughters to school for an entire year. Emboldened, they went back to Guatemala to expand the program. In November, 2004, Mercado Global launched its first catalog.
Mercado Global’s sales on behalf of its partner cooperatives provide fair wages to over 170 artisans in 15 cooperatives across Guatemala. Eventually, Ruth plans to bring Mercado Global’s business model of fair trade and sustainable income to as many communities as she can, all over the world.
At 24, Ruth was named a BRICK Award Winner in the Global Impact category for 2007. We caught up with Ruth to ask her about working with the women’s cooperatives, what Fair Trade means to her and her company, and what the future holds for Mercado Global.
**
HowStuffWorks: What inspired you to start Mercado Global?
Ruth DeGolia: I had been working in Guatemala during my summer breaks from college and during my winter breaks as well, and developed really strong relationships with a lot of the women that I was working with. I had actually started a variety of other projects to support women in some of these rural communities, and was also doing fundraising work and other work to support the local NGOs. And I really realized, all this stuff is great but it’s not sustainable. Right after they signed the peace accords in 1996, for about six years, huge amounts of funding came in. All sorts of UN and International organizations were doing fantastic work in the region, and all these great projects were started and funded. But six years out, right when I was starting to work there, all that money dried up. All of a sudden, it wasn’t sexy to fund projects in Guatemala anymore. And all of these projects started to collapse one by one. So I really felt the need to help figure out a sustainable solution. I realized funding scholarships, funding health programs, is fantastic, but if we could help these women figure out how to have income, they can fund it themselves. That seems much more sustainable.
HowStuffWorks: That’s when you thought about marketing their jewelry?
Ruth DeGolia: The women I was working with were producing these gorgeous products, and really, they just had no market. I had informally just started bringing products back in my suitcase and it sold like hotcakes. And I realized what was needed was to build a business, a non-profit business, that was gonna connect these women to markets in the U.S. So that’s how we started.
HowStuffWorks: Before this, you were already invested in Guatemala. Where did that interest originate?
Ruth DeGolia: I’ve always been interested in Latin America. I learned to speak Spanish when I was in elementary school. In High School, I did History Day — it’s the equivalent of Science Fair, but for people obsessed with history — I did this History Day project on the spread of liberation and theology through El Salvador. I interviewed all sorts of nuns and priests in El Salvador, and then won this History Channel prize and used some of my prize money to go to El Salvador and meet some of the people I’d worked with. I ended up organizing youth delegations to go to El Salvador and learn about these issues. So I already had a strong connection with Latin America. Then I had funding my sophomore year of college to go work with the Association of Rural Indigenous Communities in Guatemala.
HowStuffWorks: How long were you down there?
Ruth DeGolia: I actually thought I was just going to go down for about a month and a half, I was supposed to come back for the second half of the summer to work for the ACLU. I kept pushing my plane flight back and finally I just called them and said, “I’m sorry, I’m not coming.”
HowStuffWorks: Fair Trade is a big part of Mercado Global’s business model. Why is it important to you? How does it change these women’s lives?
Ruth DeGolia: For us, it’s a really great way to structure how we talk about our work, and how we organize our work with our partner groups. We are, first and foremost, a Fair Trade organization. And that means that, first of all, that we pay a living wage to all our partner artisans, and we set that wage in consultation with them — it’s about three or four times more than what they would earn doing anything else in their communities. It means we provide a 50 percent up front payment for all of the products we order from them, so that they don’t have to take loans from loan sharks to finance the purchase of raw materials. And it means that, like, how we decide we’re gonna organize our work within the U.S. and Guatemala — we decide in partnership with them. So Fair Trade is definitely important. And it’s important in ensuring customers trust our brand. When they know that it’s Fair Trade, it means they know what we’re about.
HowStuffWorks: How do you select the cooperatives that you work with?
Ruth DeGolia: Very carefully. We have an application process.
HowStuffWorks: You have a set of guidelines they have to go through?
Ruth DeGolia: Oh, yeah. We almost never will start working with a group without at least one and usually multiple referrals. We really investigate them. We’ll usually send staff to go live with them and work with them for a while. Especially in a country like Guatemala, you always have to be careful. So we really know who we’re working with now, and who we want to be working with six months from now, twelve months from now.
HowStuffWorks: So you have it scheduled ahead of time

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?
Ruth DeGolia: Yeah. We have been growing our production capacity by about 25 percent every month for the past six months.
HowStuffWorks: Do you have plans to expand Mercado Global beyond Guatemala?
Ruth DeGolia: We’ve already expanded into southern Mexico. We’re gonna be expanding into Ecuador, and probably we’re gonna hold there for a couple of years. It’s gonna take a while to really bring, especially Ecuador, everybody into our wholesale program. In the meantime, we’re gonna start selling products for groups in Africa through our e-commerce program. But it’s gonna take a huge amount of resources and commitment to really get groups in Africa to the position where they’re ready to work with us for our wholesale program. Just in terms of sourcing, raw materials issues, oversight, giving them the technology they’ll need. That’s probably not going to happen in a really big way for a couple of years.
HowStuffWorks: What are some of the most memorable moments you’ve experienced working with Mercado Global?
Ruth DeGolia: The first time I came back to Guatemala after we started selling our products, and really having high volume sales. These women, who I just respect so much, have gone through so much. Many of them had their husbands killed in front of them during the war. Some of them had had to go into exile. And in addition to that, many of them had gone through domestic violence. And for the first time, they were earning their own money. And that meant not only could they take pride in that, but they could take pride in purchasing things for their children. Like buying meat. Buying them new shoes.
HowStuffWorks: They get 100 percent of the proceeds, correct?
Ruth DeGolia: All of our profits go back to our partner communities, and the artisans decide how they want to spend it, what projects they want to fund. And so most of them are funding scholarships, and they get to select the scholarship students through a process that we help them set up. And they were so proud of that, and I was so proud of them for what they had done. So, for me, that was just really special.
HowStuffWorks: What have you learned personally about yourself from your work in Mercado Global?
Ruth DeGolia: I think, in a way, it’s made me both more confident, and more humble. It’s made me more confident in that I realize that, if you really commit yourself to something, and you’re really passionate and you know it’s needed, you can really accomplish a lot. And at the same time I realize, you can accomplish a lot and it’s not just you, it’s the team. We were on the cover of Newsweek this summer, and I’m just really glad that happened after I’d gone through this process, so that it didn’t go to my head. Because I was like, “Oh, we’re getting all this publicity, which is fantastic for the organization. But you know what? I’m not gonna listen to all this stuff. I know what we’re doing is great, but it’s not about me.” This seems to be the way that the media wants to understand it, it being about an individual. But I know that’s not really how it is. We couldn’t do this without the artisans. We couldn’t do this without our staff. We couldn’t do it without a great Board of Directors. It’s everyone.

Are women really shopaholics?

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Does This Ad Make Me Look Fat?

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New York Times’ First (and Feminist) Female Reporter
It only takes a few episodes of Mad Men to understand that advertising is meant to elicit certain emotional responses from consumers. Don Draper excels at his job because he effectively infuses need and desire into products, no matter how frivolous. But toying with people’s consumer behavior has a more potent effect than driving them toward the check-out counter. A new study in The Journal of Consumer Research finds that those particularly frivolous, or “hedonic” advertised products can cause us to think differently about ourselves — and usually not in a good way.
When it comes to women and advertising, criticism generally focuses on unnaturally thin models and the beauty ideal they portray. A study from University of Groningen in the Netherlands, however, demonstrates that an ad featuring stiletto high heels against a plain backdrop can provoke self-judgment similarly as an ad featuring svelte Giselle rocking those same stilettos. In a series of three experiments, the researchers compared the extent and quality of how women perceive themselves after viewing an advertised product to a non-advertised product. Just by slapping a brand name and backdrop on a hedonic product, the merchandise set off a “self-activation effect” in participants, which essentially means it made them think more about themselves in relationship to that product. For instance, women who saw ads for mascara and perfume thought more about their personal appearance and accompanying flaws.
Amazingly, the less people really need a product, the more powerful the self-activation becomes. And that paradoxical effect gets at the heart of why advertising works. As the New York Times notes, “The authors quote Christopher Lasch, who back in the 1970s said “modern” advertising “seeks to create needs, not to fulfill them; it generates new anxieties instead of allaying old ones.”” Not surprisingly, that false sense of need fosters a false sense of self as well. The researchers explain in the extended abstract: “Specifically

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, individuals were found to evaluate their self-image more negatively when they had viewed, for example, a high-heeled shoe (a product previously rated as relatively hedonic) in an ad than when they were exposed to the exact same shoe when it was cut out from its advertisement context.” So it doesn’t take stick-thin models to make women feel worse about themselves; even a product representing that ideal can be enough to kick off the self-loathing.
On Mad Men, Don Draper once tries to reel in a potential client with a dreamy advertising philosophy. In his scotch-tinted voice, Don opines that “Advertising is based on one thing: happiness. And do you know what happiness is? Happiness is the smell of a new car. It’s freedom from fear. It’s a billboard on the side of a road that screams with reassurance that whatever you’re doing is OK. You are OK.”
But it seems Don couldn’t be more wrong. At least according to this study, advertising of beauty products, luxury items and other hedonic merchandise is based on quite another thing: inadequacy.
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